I recommended that every child receive an orthodontic evaluation by age seven. An orthodontic problem is called a malocclusion, meaning "bad bite." Some examples of causes of malocclusion are crowded teeth, extra teeth, missing teeth or jaws that are out of alignment.
Most malocclusions are inherited, although some can be acquired. Acquired malocclusions can be caused by accidents, early or late loss of baby teeth, or sucking of the thumb or fingers for a prolonged period of time.
First, pre-treatment records are made. These records are important tools that allow me to make an accurate diagnosis. They include medical/dental history, clinical examination, plaster study models of teeth, photos of your child's face and teeth and x-rays of the mouth and head. This information will be used to decide on the best treatment.
A custom treatment plan is outlined. The specific treatment appliance best suited to correct the orthodontic problem is then constructed.
When the orthodontic appliances are in place, this is considered the "active treatment" phase. Appliances are adjusted periodically so that the teeth are moved correctly and efficiently.
After active treatment is completed, the "retention" phase begins. A patient will need to wear a retainer so that the teeth stay in their new positions. For severe orthodontic problems, surgery may be recommended.
Today's braces are generally less noticeable than those of the past. Brackets, the part of the braces that hold the wires, are bonded to the front of the teeth. These brackets can be metal, clear, or tooth-coloured. Wires that are used for braces today are also less noticeable. In some cases, brackets may be put on the back of the teeth. Modern wires are also less noticeable than their predecessors. Today's wires are made of "space age" materials that exert a steady, gentle pressure on the teeth, making the tooth-moving process faster and more comfortable.
Although the average treatment time is about 24 months, this varies with individual patients. The severity of the problem, the health of the teeth, gums and supporting bone and how closely the patient follows instructions are all factors that affect treatment time.
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At Dentistry Asleep®,Dr. Kevin Dann offers dental hygiene services, routine dental care for adults and children, periodontal and endodontic therapy, cosmetic dental procedures and dental implants. Dr. Dann is one of the few Certified Specialists in Dental Anaesthesia, giving complete, comfortable care to all his valued patients. Enjoy experienced, anxiety-free dental healthcare! Make your appointment now!